Byzantine music is the medieval sacred chant of Christian Churches following the Orthodox rite. This tradition for the Greek-speaking world, was developed in Byzantium from the establishment of its capital, Constantinople, in 330 until its fall in 1453. It is drawing on the artistic and technical productions of the classical age, on Jewish music, and inspired by the monophonic vocal music that evolved in the early Christian cities of Alexandria, Antioch and Ephesus. Three great reformers simplified the Byzantine musical symbols, which, by the early 19th century, had become so complex and technical that only highly skilled chanters were able to interpret them correctly. Despite its numerous shortcomings their work is a landmark in the history of Greek Church music, since it introduced the system of neo-Byzantine music upon which are based the present-day chants of the Greek Orthodox Church.

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